Angular vs React Popularity for 2023 Web Development
Some debates seem to go on and on. Mac or Windows? SQL or NoSQL? .NET or Java? John Wick or Jason Bourne? This article will cover React and Angular benefits and challenges
Some debates seem to go on and on. Mac or Windows? SQL or NoSQL? .NET or Java? John Wick or Jason Bourne? In reality, none of these are debates and are instead an exercise in choice. Well, except for John or Jason - there’s a clear winner there right?!
One of your continued choices in web applications development ad user interfaces is over which frontend UI approach to use- React or Angular. This article will cover React and Angular benefits and challenges, and give you more information on which to base your decision for future projects.
What is React?
React’s library approach lends to its ability to take a very incremental approach to its usage. React has a reputation for being easy to learn, easy to use, and easy to apply just as much as you need to get something working rather than having to apply a lot of scaffolding to get something up and working.
React also provides React Native, a library that supports building native mobile apps using React. Developers love taking React’s simple, view-oriented, one-way data binding, and strong debugging features and applying that knowledge to both web and native mobile development.
What is Angular?
Angular is a complete rewrite of Google’s original Angular.js framework. With a reputation as a complete framework, and based on TypeScript, Angular has a more steep learning curve than other options like React or Vue. But with its TypeScript safety, complete scaffolding support, and good behavior in large projects, Angular is popular on large projects and in larger organizations like Microsoft, Google, Paypal, UpWork, and others.
Developers enjoy the completeness of the full Angular framework. It is based on the MVC (Model View Controller) pattern. It supports dependency injection. It adds earlier detection of errors and bugs via additional type safety using TypeScript. These traits make it a popular choice for organizations working on large projects or with multiple teams too.
What are the benefits of React?
Here are some top benefits of React:
- Faster to learn - typically easier and faster to learn than Angular due to its simplicity, smaller overall size, and not having to also learn TypeScript
- Faster to run - typically faster due to its virtual DOM implementation
- React also offers React Native, a library that supports building native mobile apps
What are the benefits of Angular?
My opinion is that TypeScript is a benefit because once you learn it you will benefit from its positive impact on bug and error prevention
2-Way Data Binding
While it may be a bit more complex to implement, support for 2-way data binding gives more user interface options than just 1-way data binding
The full Angular framework provides strong scalability options via tools like its CLI (command line interface)
What are the challenges with React?
React makes it easy to get an interface started and to improve it incrementally, but it’s not as strong as Angular in its ability to scale a project
React has some key dependencies that it doesn’t come with, unlike Angular. For example, if you need state management, or routing support, or material design components you will need additional packages like Redux and others
No Dependency Injection
I don’t believe dependency injection is currently supported in React
What are the challenges with Angular?
Angular is much larger than React so there’s more to send down to the client on the initial load; be sure to test whether this will be an issue or not for you
Typically a steeper learning curve than React due to its larger size, complexity, dependency injection, and TypeScript learning curve
Angular is really good at building enterprise apps, but it may not be the right tool for building interactive UI components
Other React vs Angular Popularity Questions
Which is faster?
If you are just looking at raw client-side speed, React probably has the edge. React takes a virtual DOM approach which has a significant speed improvement in manipulating the DOM and affecting UI components.
Which are most companies using?
If you look at job postings on LinkedIn, Indeed, Glassdoor, and other sites, you will see plenty of listings that include React and Angular. There are definitely companies looking for skills in React and Angular. But is there a clear distinction in which approach is most popular with companies who are hiring?
When it comes to popularity, we can chart 2022 Google Trends search data roughly below:
At 42%, React ranks #2 in search popularity right behind Node.js.
Angular ranks #5 at 20%.
Also, it’s really no secret that React popularity has been trending upward at a faster rate recently than Angular.
But popularity doesn’t necessarily equal usage. React is fun and easy to use, creates great-looking interactive interfaces, and supports getting interfaces started more quickly than Angular. But how many sites are actually using React vs Angular?
Based on a 2022 web technology study by Web Technology Surveys:
When should you choose React vs Angular?
Consider choosing React when:
- You are building an interactive web app or native mobile app
- You want to get started quickly
- You want the simplicity of one-way data binding
Consider choosing Angular when:
- You are building a complex enterprise web app
- You need the complexity of two-way data binding
- You need a complete frontend to backend framework
- Your developers are strong in C#, Angular, and MVC
I hope this article helps you understand some of the differences between React and Angular. Use this information for future projects, for discussion with your employer, and for consideration in your personal career growth and goal planning.
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